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European journal of pharmacology

The antiaggressive potency of (-)-penbutolol involves both 5-HT1A and 5-HT1B receptors and beta-adrenoceptors.


PMID 8851159

Abstract

The relative importance of 5-HT1A and beta-adrenergic activities in the antiaggressive effects of (-)-penbutolol was studied in male mice. (-)-Penbutolol had high affinity for 5-HT1A receptors and beta-adrenoceptors, and antagonized the 5-methoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine (5-MeODMT)-induced 5-HT syndrome and the 8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamin)tetralin (8-OH-DPAT)-induced discriminatory stimulus in rats. (-)-Penbutolol abolished aggressive behaviour (ED50 = 56 mumol/kg), and reversed the antiaggressive effects of 8-OH-DPAT and 1-(3-trifluoromethylphenyl)piperazine (TFMPP) (ED50 = 8.1 and 2.1 mumol/kg, respectively). (N-[2-[4-(2-Methoxyphenyl)-1-piperazinyl]ethyl-N-(2-pyridinyl) cyclohexanecarboxamide (WAY 100635) reversed the antiaggressive effects of 8-OH-DPAT (ED50 = 0.012 mumol/kg), but did not affect the antiaggressive effects of TFMPP. The antiaggressive effect of a submaximal dose of 8-OH-DPAT was markedly potentiated by beta-adrenoceptor antagonists without 5-HT1A receptor affinity, whereas (-)-penbutolol was effective at only one dose (4.5 mumol/kg). In conclusion, the 5-HT1A receptor antagonistic potency of (-)-penbutolol in aggressive mice is attenuated by beta-adrenoceptor-induced facilitation of serotonergic neurotransmission.

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P0307000 Penbutolol sulfate, European Pharmacopoeia (EP) Reference Standard
C36H60N2O8S