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Journal of chromatography. B, Biomedical applications

Characterization of the genetic polymorphism of dihydrocodeine O-demethylation in man via analysis of urinary dihydrocodeine and dihydromorphine by micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography.


PMID 8861655

Abstract

The genetic polymorphism of dihydrocodeine O-demethylation in man via analysis of urinary dihydrocodeine (DHC) and dihydromorphine (DHM) by micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography is described. Ten healthy subjects which are known to be extensive metabolizers for debrisoquine ingested 60 mg of DHC and collected their 0-12 h urines. In these samples, about 1% of the administered DHC equivalents are shown to be excreted as DHM. Premedication of 50 mg quinidine sulfate to the same subjects is demonstrated to significantly reduce (3-4 fold) the amount of O-demethylation of DHC, a metabolic step which is thereby demonstrated to co-segregate with the hydroxylation of debrisoquine. Thus, in analogy to codeine and other substrates, extensive and poor metabolizer phenotypes for DHC can be distinguished. Using the urinary DHC/DHM metabolic ratio to characterize the extent of O-demethylation, the metabolic ratio ranges of extensive and poor metabolizers in a frequency histogram are shown to partially overlap. Thus, classification of borderline values is not unequivocal and DHC should therefore not be employed for routine pharmacogenetic screening purposes. Nevertheless, the method is valuable for metabolic research and preliminary data demonstrate that the same assay could also be used to explore the metabolism of codeine.

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