Journal of neurochemistry

Two amino acid differences in the sixth transmembrane domain are partially responsible for the pharmacological differences between the 5-HT1D beta and 5-HT1E 5-hydroxytryptamine receptors.

PMID 8863519


5-Hydroxytryptamine elicits its physiological effects by interacting with a diverse group of receptors. Two of these receptors, the 5-HT1D beta and the 5-HT1E receptors, are approximately 60% identical in the transmembrane domains that presumably form the ligand binding site yet have very different pharmacological properties. Analysis of the pharmacological properties of a series of chimeric 5-HT1D beta/5-HT1E receptors indicates that sequences in the sixth and seventh transmembrane domains are responsible for the differential affinity of 5-carboxamidotryptamine for these two receptors. More detailed analysis shows that two amino acid differences in the sixth transmembrane domain (Ile333 and Ser334 in the 5-HT1D beta receptor, corresponding to Lys310 and Glu311 in the 5-HT1E receptor) are largely responsible for the differential affinities of some, but not all, ligands for the 5-HT1D beta and 5-HT1E receptors. It is likely that these two amino acids subtly determine the overall three-dimensional structure of the receptor rather than interact directly with individual ligands.