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Xenobiotica; the fate of foreign compounds in biological systems

Metabolism of tetramethrin isomers in rat. III. Stereochemistry of reduced metabolites.


PMID 8868003

Abstract

1. Three main urinary metabolites, two isomers of 3-hydroxycyclohexane-1,2-dicarboximide (3-OH-HPI-1 and 2) and 1,2-tetrahydrodicarboxylic acid (TCDA) were purified from rat treated with (1RS, trans)-tetramethrin [3,4,5,6-tetrahydrophthalimidomethyl (1RS, trans)-chrysanthemate]. 2. To elucidate the mechanism of formation of these reduced metabolites, the stereochemistry of 3-OH-HPI-1, 3-OH-HPI-2 and TCDA was clarified by chemical reactions, spectroanalysis (nmr) and X-ray analysis. 3. The sole difference in configuration between 3-OH-HPI-1 and 3-OH-HPI-2 was found to be the orientation of the hydroxyl group to the cyclohexane ring, and both of these reduced metabolites showed cis-addition of two hydrogens. In contrast, reduction resulted in the trans form with TCDA. 4. These findings indicate the existence of two different reduction reaction mechanisms in the rat.

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