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British journal of pharmacology

Renal effects of TAPP, a highly selective mu-opioid agonist.


PMID 8886404

Abstract

1. The effect of i.v. administration of TAPP, a highly selective and exclusively peripherally-acting mu-opioid receptor agonist, on urine output, urinary sodium, potassium and cyclic GMP, and on plasma immunoreactive atrial natriuretic factor (IR-ANF) levels was studied in conscious normally hydrated female rats (200-250 g). 2. TAPP treatment produced a significant dose-dependent increase of urine output and urinary sodium, potassium and cyclic GMP excretion during the first hour. The highest TAPP dose used (2.5 mg kg-1. body weight) elicited a 10 fold elevation of urine output from 0.23 +/- 0.06 ml h-1 to 2.5 +/- 0.3 ml h-1 (n = 18) accompanied by augmented sodium [from 17.0 +/- 4.7 mu Eq h-1 to 79 +/- 12.7 mu Eq h-1, n = 18 (P < 0.001)], potassium [from 9.5 +/- 2.5 mu Eq h-1 to 39.4 +/- 6.6 mu Eq h-1, n = 18 (P < 0.005)], and cyclic GMP excretion [from 191 +/- 21 pmol h-1 to 1340 +/- 322 pmol h-1, n = 18 (P < 0.001)]. Plasma IR-ANF rose from 22 +/- 4 pg ml-1 to 508 +/- 22 pg ml-1 (n = 18) (P < 0.001) 5 min after administration of TAPP (2500 micrograms kg-1). 3. TAPP lowered systemic blood pressure, also in a dose-related manner, 1-5 min after injection. This decrease in blood pressure was transient and did not last more than 10 min. 4. Pretreatment with the opioid antagonist naloxone (0.8 mg per rat) abolished the diuretic, natriuretic and kaliuretic effect of TAPP (250 micrograms kg-1); urine output dropped from 1.16 +/- 0.15 ml h-1, n = 12, to the control value of 0.15 +/- 0.06 ml h-1, n = 12 (P < 0.001), sodium excretion fell from 57.5 +/- 11 mu Eq h-1, to 21.3 +/- 8.5 mu Eq h-1, n = 12 (P < 0.001), and potassium excretion decreased from 45.4 +/- 9.7 mu Eq h-1, n = 12, to 16.1 +/- 7.0 mu Eq h-1, (P < 0.001). 5. Pretreatment with anti-ANF serum (0.4 ml) abolished the diuretic effect of TAPP: urine output diminished significantly from 1.93 +/- 0.28 to 0.88 +/- 0.29 ml h-1 (P < 0.01) (n = 6). The TAPP-induced diuretic action, increased sodium/potassium excretion and elevated urinary cyclic GMP levels were also reversed by anti-ANF antibodies. 6. Since TAPP is totally unable to cross the blood-brain barrier, the ensemble of these observations led to the conclusion that the diuretic, natriuretic, kaliuretic and hypotensive effects produced by this mu-opioid agonist through interaction with peripheral mu-opioid receptors occur via ANF release.