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Modulation of L-type Ca current by denopamine, a nonparenteral partial beta 1 stimulant, in rabbit ventricular cells.


PMID 8897446

Abstract

The effects of denopamine, a nonparenteral partial beta agonist which is used clinically in Japan, on the L-type Ca2+ current (ICa) were examined in rabbit ventricular cells. Denopamine stimulated basal ICa with a maximum response of +33.2% and a concentration for half-maximal response (EC50) of 0.039 microM. The maximum response of ICa was only a quarter of that induced by isoprenaline (ISO), while 10 microM denopamine elicited 70-75% of the maximum inotropic response in the papillary muscle preparations. The denopamine stimulation of ICa was abolished by selective beta 1 antagonists (atenolol or bisoprolol). Pretreatment with forskolin or dialysis with cAMP also abolished the stimulation. Denopamine, in turn, inhibited ISO-stimulated ICa. This inhibition was not affected by pretreatment with pertussis toxin or prazosin. The presence of denopamine at various concentrations caused a rightward shift in the concentration/response curve for ISO stimulation of ICa. The Schild plot for this effect had a slope of 0.99 and Kp of 0.20 microM. In the presence of guanosine-5'-O-(3-thiotriphosphate) (GTP gamma S) (0.5 mM) in the pipette, denopamine (10 microM) stimulated the ICa to 86 +/- 5% of the maximum response induced by ISO. These findings indicate that denopamine modulates ICa exclusively through the beta 1 adrenoceptor-adenylate cyclase pathway, that the stimulatory GTP-binding protein regulates the agonistic potency of denopamine, and that the signal from the beta 1 adrenoceptors is amplified between ICa and the tension development, which would contribute to the spare capacity of beta adrenoceptors.

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D7815
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