Journal of hypertension

Effects of adenosine-receptor agonists on renin release in anaesthetized rats.

PMID 8903646


To investigate the effects of the interaction between adenosine receptors and renal nerves on renin release. The effects on renin secretion of A1 (2-chloro-N6-cyclopentiladenosine) and A2 (2-hexynil-5'-N-ethyl-carboxamido-adenosine) adenosine-receptor agonists were studied in two groups of anaesthetized rats, each with one kidney surgically denervated. Arterial blood pressure and the renal blood flow of innervated and denervated kidneys were continuously recorded. Cannulae were inserted into both renal veins through femoral veins. After 1h of rest, A1 and A2 agonists were intravenously infused for 30 min in the two groups of rats. Plasma renin activity was measured by radioimmunoassay in blood samples drawn simultaneously from both renal veins and the femoral artery before and after the drug infusion. Infusions of A1 and A2 agonists produced comparable hypotensive effects. During A1 agonist administration, the heart rate decreased significantly, but it did not change after A2 agonist treatment. Renal blood flow was reduced by administration of the A1 agonist in both kidneys, while A2 agonist administration significantly reduced the renal blood flow of the innervated kidney only. The veno-arterial difference in plasma renin activity decreased after the A1 agonist infusion in both kidneys, but after the A2 agonist infusion it increased significantly in the innervated kidney only. Renal nerves do not influence the inhibition of renin release mediated by A1 adenosine receptors. In vivo, A2-receptor agonist administration can stimulate renin release only in the presence of intact renal nerves.