Canadian journal of applied physiology = Revue canadienne de physiologie appliquee

Role of calcium-activated neutral protease (calpain) with diet and exercise.

PMID 8905185


Although the proteolytic events accompanying acute and chronic perturbations in striated muscle protein turnover remain to be fully elucidated, the purpose of this paper is to (a) review the chemistry of the nonlysosomal calpain-calpastatin system, and (b) provide evidence for the involvement of a nonlysosomal, calcium-activated neutral protease (calpain) in the response of skeletal muscle protein breakdown to altered nutritional status (diet composition; energy restriction) and increased periods of contractile activity (exercise). In reviewing the literature, it is apparent that calpain is involved in the protein catabolism which accompanies alterations in diet composition and/or energy restriction. The precise mechanism of calpain action remains to be elucidated; however, the role of altered metabolic status contributing to calcium imbalances is discussed relative to increasing protein degradation. Hypotheses for further investigation are provided in regard to identifying the targeting of selected proteins (and organelles) for degradation by calpain.