Journal of analytical toxicology

Determination of ibogaine and 12-hydroxy-ibogamine in plasma by gas chromatography-positive ion chemical ionization-mass spectrometry.

PMID 8926731


Ibogaine, an indolamine derivative, is currently being investigated as a potential agent in the treatment of stimulant and opiate addiction. We developed a rapid, sensitive, and specific method for the analysis of ibogaine and its putative active metabolite, 12-hydroxy-ibogamine (12-OH-ibogamine). This assay employs a one-step basic extraction with n-butyl chloride-acetonitrile (4:1), followed by derivatization of the metabolite using N-methyl-N-(tert-butyldimethylsilyl)-trifluoroacetamide. The derivatized extracts were analyzed by capillary gas chromatography-positive ion chemical ionization-mass spectrometry. The ions monitored were at m/z 311, 314, and 411, which correspond to the protonated molecules (MH+) for ibogaine, ibogaine-d3, and 12-OH-ibogamine.tert-butyldimethylsilyl, respectively. Linear standard curves were obtained over the concentration range of 1 0-1 000 ng/mL (average r2, 0.995 for ibogaine and 0.992 for 12-OH-ibogamine; n = 3). Limits of quantitation were 10 ng/mL. The interrun and intrarun coefficients of variation for the assay of ibogaine at 25, 100, and 300 ng/mL ranged from 2.9 to 8.8%. We also established the extraction and chromatographic conditions to monitor the 12-hydroxylated metabolite. A suitable internal standard was not yet obtained so the method could only provide semiquantitative information for 12-OH-ibogamine. Chemical stability studies of these analytes indicated that ibogaine and 12-OH-ibogamine were stable in a human plasma matrix at room temperature for a period of at least 1 week.