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Biochemical pharmacology

Subunit specificity and organ distribution of glutathione transferase-catalysed S-nitrosoglutathione formation from alkyl nitrites in the rat.


PMID 8960071

Abstract

Glutathione transferase (GST)-catalysed S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO) formation from alkyl nitrites was determined with the homodimers 1-1, 2-2, 3-3, and 4-4 isolated from rat liver. The 4-4 isoform showed a high specificity for the alkyl nitrites. Total GST activities were studied in homogenates from different organs. The liver showed highest GST activity both with amyl nitrite and with 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene (CDNB) as substrate, the activity ratio of amyl nitrite over CDNB being 3.8. In lung and heart, these ratios were 6.2 and 5.7, respectively, indicating a selectivity of these organs for alkyl nitrite metabolism and GSNO formation.

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