Molecular endocrinology (Baltimore, Md.)

G proteins of the Gq family couple the H2 histamine receptor to phospholipase C.

PMID 8961278


In several cell systems histamine has been shown to stimulate both adenylyl cyclase and phospholipase C through activation of a G protein-coupled H2 receptor. To analyze the bifurcating signal emanating from the activated H2 receptor and to identify the G proteins involved, H1 and H2 histamine receptors were functionally expressed in baculovirus-infected insect cells. Histamine challenge lead to concentration-dependent cAMP formation and Ca2+ mobilization in Sf9 cells infected with a virus encoding the H2 receptor, whereas H1 receptor stimulation only resulted in pronounced phospholipase C activation. To analyze the G protein coupling pattern of histamine receptors, activated G proteins were labeled with [alpha-32P]GTP azidoanilide and identified by selective immunoprecipitation. In insect cell membranes expressing H1 histamine receptors, histamine led to incorporation of the label into alpha q-like proteins, whereas activation of the H2 receptor resulted in labeling of alpha q- and alpha s-like G protein alpha-subunits. In COS cells transfected with H2 receptor complementary DNA, histamine caused concentration-dependent accumulation of cAMP and inositol phosphates; the latter effect was insensitive to pertussis toxin treatment. Histamine stimulation led to a pronounced increase in inositol phosphate production when complementary DNAs coding for alpha q, alpha 11, alpha 14, or alpha 15 G protein alpha-subunits were cotransfected. This increase was specific for Gq family members, as overexpression of alpha 12 or alpha s did not enhance histamine-stimulated phospholipase C activation. In membranes of guinea pig heart, addition of [alpha-32P]GTP azidoanilide resulted in labeling of alpha q and alpha 11 via the activated H1 and also via H2 receptors. These data demonstrate that dual signaling of the activated H2 histamine receptor is mediated by coupling of the receptor to Gs and Gq family members.