International archives of allergy and immunology

Immunostimulatory effects of platinum compounds: correlation between sensitizing properties in vivo and modulation of receptor-mediated endocytosis in vitro.

PMID 9030091


The sensitizing properties of different complex salts of platinum were defined in vivo by means of the popliteal lymph node (PLN) assay in mice. Hexa- and tetrachloroplatinates were confirmed to be highly immunogenic, inducing vigorous primary immune responses in the draining PLN following single subcutaneous injections. Flow-cytometric analysis revealed a dramatic increase in the total number of cells expressing proliferating cell nuclear antigen. The majority of these cells were of the T helper phenotype (CD4+) reflecting the T-cell dependence of the PLN response induced by Pt salts such as Na2[PtCl6] or Na2[PtCl4]. In contrast, [Pt(NH3)4]Cl2 failed to elicit a significant increase in PLN cell proliferation when compared with saline-treated controls. The differential immunogenicity of the Pt compounds found in vivo directly correlated with their capacity to modulate mechanisms of receptor-mediated endocytosis in murine Langerhans cells in vitro. The reactivity of Na2[PtCl6] or Na2[PtCl4] resembled that of potent contact sensitizers in this endocytosis assay whereas [Pt(NH3)4]Cl2 proved to be mert. These results suggest that [Pt(NH3)4]Cl2 might be less harmful to humans than hexa- or tetrachloroplatinates. As demonstrated with Pt compounds, monitoring of direct effects of low-molecular-weight chemicals on antigen-presenting dendritic cells in vitro is able to predict their sensitizing potential in vivo.