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Xenobiotica; the fate of foreign compounds in biological systems

Metabolism of amitriptyline with CYP2D6 expressed in a human cell line.


PMID 9041677

Abstract

1. Expressed human cytochrome P450 enzyme CPY2D6 was used to metabolize amitriptyline (AMI). It was established that CYP2D6 not only catalyzed ring 10-hydroxylation of AMI, but also mediated its N-demethylation to nortriptyline (NT), as well as the formation of 10-hydroxy-NT from NT. When the metabolism of AMI by CYP2D6 was repeated in the presence of quinidine, none of the metabolites, 10-hydroxy-AMI, NT and 10-hydroxy-NT, was formed. 2. Biochemical parameters of NT formation from AMI were determined, yielding Km = 47.48 +/- 1.32 microM; Vmax = 3.95 +/- 0.11 nmol/h/mg protein. The same parameters were calculated for the formation of 10-hydroxy-AMI (E + Z-isomers) from AMI, yielding Km = 10.70 +/- 0.20 microM; Vmax = 8.99 +/- 0.47 nmol/h/mg protein. 3. The formation of 10-hydroxy-NT from AMI proceeded primarily via NT and to a much lesser extent via 10-hydroxy-AMI. 4. Quantitative analyses of AMI and its metabolites were difficult to reproduce when the metabolites were analysed underivatized. Two derivatization procedures, acetylation and trifluoroacetylation, were employed to improve assay reproducibility.

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A115
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