Molecular microbiology

The roles of proteins L28 and L33 in the assembly and function of Escherichia coli ribosomes in vivo.

PMID 9044258


Strain BM108 of Escherichia coli has a chromosomal mutation in the rpmB,G operon that prevents synthesis of ribosomal proteins L28 and L33. The mutation was lethal unless synthesis of protein L28 was induced from a plasmid. Without protein L28, RNA and protein synthesis were linear rather than exponential. No 70S ribosomes were made. Instead, RNA accumulated in '30S material' and '47S particles'; the latter were distinct from 50S ribosomal subunits, lacked proteins L28 and L33 and had substoicheometric amounts of three other proteins. When L28 synthesis was induced (but protein L33 was still absent), the strain grew as well as, and assembled 70S ribosomes with similar kinetics to, a wild-type control. Thus, protein L28 is required for ribosome assembly in strain BM108 while protein L33 has no significant effect on ribosome synthesis or function.