Pharmacology, biochemistry, and behavior

Interactions of Ginkgo biloba extract (EGb 761), diazepam and ethyl beta-carboline-3-carboxylate on social behavior of the rat.

PMID 9050093


The social interaction test was used to examine the effects of an extract of Ginkgo biloba (EGb 761) and its possible interactions with diazepam and ethyl beta-carboline-3-carboxylate (beta-CCE). Pairs of naive (unfamiliar) male Wistar AF rats subjected to the same treatment were placed in a novel test arena that was brightly illuminated, and the duration (in s) of social contact was observed over a 10 min period. Single injections of EGb 761 (8-16 mg/kg, i.p.), given 30 min prior to testing, or repeated oral administration of the extract (48 or 96 mg/kg/day) for 8 days, significantly decreased social contact under conditions that did not influence locomotor activity. Injection of diazepam (1 mg/kg, i.p.), 30 min before testing, significantly increased social contact. Injection of diazepam to animals that had received repeated oral treatment with EGb 761 (96 mg/kg/ day) increased social interaction to an extent greater than observed with diazepam alone. Injection of beta-CCE (2-16 mg/kg, i.p.), 15 min before testing, significantly decreased social contact. When the animals were treated with EGb 761 (48 or 96 mg/kg/day, p.o. for 8 days) and beta-CCE (4 mg/kg), both of which decreased social interaction when administered alone, the resulting level of social contact was similar to that of control animals. Interactions with certain sites of central GABAA/ benzodiazepine/Cl- channel receptor complexes could be involved in mediating these effects of EGb 761, diazepam and beta-CCE.

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Ethyl β-carboline-3-carboxylate, 97%