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Neurochemical research

M1 acetylcholine receptor stimulation increases the extracellular concentrations of glutamate and GABA in the medial prefrontal cortex of the rat.


PMID 9051662

Abstract

The present study was undertaken to examine the effects of different muscarinic receptor agonists on glutamate and GABA concentrations in the medial prefrontal cortex of the rat. In vivo perfusions were made in the conscious rat using a concentric push-pull cannulae system. Amino acid concentrations in samples were determined by HPLC with fluorometric detection. The intracortical perfusion of arecoline, a M1-M2 muscarinic receptor agonist, produced a significant increase in extracellular [GLU] and [GABA]. McN-A-343, a M1 muscarinic receptor agonist, but not the M2 muscarinic receptor agonist, oxotremorine, produced a significant increase in extracellular [GLU] and [GABA]. The effects of McN-A-343 on extracellular [GLU] and [GABA] were blocked by pirenzepine, a M1 muscarinic receptor antagonist. These results suggest that M1 muscarinic receptor stimulation increases the extracellular concentrations of GLU and GABA in the medial prefrontal cortex of the rat.

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O9126
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C12H18N2O · 1.5C4H4O4 · xH2O