Biochimica et biophysica acta

Studies on the relationships between 7 alpha-hydroxylation and the ability of 25- and 27-hydroxycholesterol to suppress the activity of HMG-CoA reductase.

PMID 9059514


The metabolism of 25-hydroxycholesterol in different cell types was studied and the role of 7 alpha-hydroxylation for the effect of 25-hydroxycholesterol on the activity of HMG-CoA reductase was determined. Human diploid fibroblasts (HDF) and the human melanoma cell line SK-MEL-2 converted 25-hydroxycholesterol into 7 alpha,25-dihydroxycholesterol and 7 alpha,25-dihydroxy-4-cholesten-3-one while the virus-transformed fibroblast line 90VA-VI, the colon carcinoma cell line WiDr and the breast cancer cell line MDA-231 did not express 7 alpha-hydroxylase activity. The 7 alpha-hydroxylation of 25-hydroxycholesterol in HDF could be stimulated by dexamethasone and cortisol and inhibited by metyrapone. An unidentified, possibly 4-hydroxylated, metabolite was formed by 90VA-VI cells and a polar, probably conjugated, metabolite was formed by WiDr cells. The 7 alpha-hydroxylated metabolites of 25-hydroxycholesterol suppressed the activity of HMG-CoA reductase to a similar extent as 25-hydroxycholesterol in HDF but not in 90VA-VI cells, while the 7 alpha-hydroxylated metabolites of 27-hydroxycholesterol suppressed the activity of HMG-CoA reductase also in 90VA-VI cells. The suppression of HMG-CoA reductase activity by 25- and 27-hydroxycholesterol was decreased or abolished by dehydroepiandrosterone or pregnenolone which have little or no effect on the 7 alpha-hydroxylation. The results indicate that 7 alpha-hydroxylation is not directly involved, positively or negatively, in the action of 25- or 27-hydroxycholesterol as suppressors of HMG-CoA reductase activity.

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7α,25-Dihydroxycholesterol, ≥98% (HPLC)