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Journal of gastroenterology and hepatology

Tungstic acid reduction of cold-resistant stress-induced ulceration in rats.


PMID 9076617

Abstract

Sprague-Dawley rats were restrained at 4 degrees C for 2 h (stress). Tungstic acid in a single dose of 0.01, 0.1, 1, 10, 100 or 300 mg/kg (dissolved in distilled water) was administered intragastrically to animals 30 min prior to stress. Stress induced significant gastric mucosal damage, whereas tungstic acid pretreatment dose-dependently reduced lesion formation. Doses of tungstic acid of 1 mg/kg and higher significantly (P < 0.05-0.001) decreased ulcers. The mucosal mast cell counts in rats pretreated with tungstic acid were significantly higher than those of control rats. In motility experiments using oral administration of amberlite pellets, pretreatment with tungstic acid dose-dependently reduced the gastric emptying rate during a 1 h period of stress. Gastric mucosal xanthine oxidase and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities, after pretreatment with a single dose of tungstic acid, were not altered in stressed animals. It is suggested that tungstic acid effectively antagonizes stress-induced gastric ulcers, possibly by decreasing motility and mass cell degranulation. Xanthine oxidase and SOD activities and mucous content were not changed in the gastric mucosa by the present method of tungstic acid administration.

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