Biochimica et biophysica acta

Metabolites of conjugated isomers of linoleic acid (CLA) in the rat.

PMID 9084496


Metabolism of conjugated isomers of linoleic acid (CLA) in rats was studied by feeding high quantities of CLA (180 mg/day) for six days to animals that had been reared on a fat-free diet for two weeks. After this period, animals were sacrificed and liver lipids extracted. High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analyses with UV detection revealed the presence of conjugated polyunsaturated fatty acids in the total liver lipid methyl esters. After isolation by HPLC, three fatty acid metabolites were identified by gas liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry as being C20:3 delta 8,12,14, C20:4 delta 5,8,12,14 and C20:4 delta 5,8,11,13. A higher quantity of C20:4 delta 5,8,12,14 compared to C20:4 delta 5,8,11,13 was observed. These must arise from the elongation and desaturation of 18:2 delta 10,12 and 18:2 delta 9,11, respectively.