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Journal of virology

Echovirus 1 replication, not only virus binding to its receptor, VLA-2, is required for the induction of cellular immediate-early genes.


PMID 9094704

Abstract

Induction of immediate-early genes c-jun, junB, and c-fos was demonstrated during echovirus 1 infection in a human osteogenic sarcoma (HOS) cell line. Tenfold induction was seen at 10 h postinfection, corresponding approximately to the end of the first replication cycle of the virus. Echovirus 1 uses VLA-2 integrin as its cellular receptor, and ligand binding by integrin is known to trigger signal transduction pathways ultimately activating immediate-early genes. In the present study, however, VLA-2 binding alone was not sufficient to induce their expression; viral replication was needed. This conclusion was based on the observations that no stimulation of the immediate-early genes occurred in the MG-63 cell line where the virus attached only to VLA-2 but was not able to replicate and that induction of these genes was observed when the HOS cells were infected with echovirus type 7, known to use a different cellular receptor. Induction was not seen in the presence of the antiviral compound WIN 54954, which evidently inhibits the uncoating but not receptor binding of echovirus 1, suggesting that viral replication triggers the activation of the immediate-early genes. The induction of these genes may have a role in viral replication and in the pathogenesis of infection.

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