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General pharmacology

Picolinic acid and indole-2-carboxylic acid: two types of glycinergic compounds modulate motor function differentially.


PMID 9147024

Abstract

1. A putative agonist for the strychnine-sensitive glycine receptor picolinic acid was tested for its anticonvulsant activities in mice and muscle-relaxant activities in rats and compared with indole-2-carboxylic acid (I2CA), an antagonist for the strychnine-insensitive glycine receptor. Their effects on segmental reflexes in the cat spinal cord were examined to elucidate their sites of action. 2. Picolinic acid (200 and 400 mg/kg IP) delayed the onsets of strychnine- but not pentylenetetrazole-induced seizures. It delayed the onsets of bicuculline-induced seizures only at the higher dose. I2CA (200 and 400 mg/kg IP) delayed the onsets of these 3 kinds of seizures. Both compounds reduced muscle tone in rat decerebrate rigidity at a dose of 100 mg/kg IV. 3. Picolinate methylester, a picolinate derivative with higher lipophilicity, depressed spinal reflexes in both intact and spinalized cats at cumulative doses of 25 to 200 mg/kg IV. I2CA (50 mg/kg IV) inhibited spinal reflexes only in intact preparations. 4. These results suggest that the anticonvulsant and muscle-relaxant activities of picolinic acid (PA) are due to inhibition of spinal neurons, but that I2CA selectively affects supraspinal structures.

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I5109
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