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Investigational new drugs

Preclinical antitumor activity of CI-994.


PMID 9157069

Abstract

CI-994 [aka: acetyldinaline; PD 123654; 4-acetylamino-N-(2'aminophenyl)-benzamide] (Figure 1) is a novel antitumor agent with a unique mechanism of action. It is the acetylated metabolite of dinaline, a compound previously identified as having cytotoxic and cytostatic activity against several murine and human xenograft tumor models. CI-994 had activity against 8/8 solid tumors tested (log cell kills at the highest non-toxic dose): pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma #02 (4.7); pancreatic adenocarcinoma #03 (3.0; 1/6 cures); colon adenocarcinoma #38 (1.6); colon adenocarcinoma #51/A (1.1); mammary adenocarcinoma #25 (1.7); mammary adenocarcinoma #17/ADR (0.5); Dunning osteogenic sarcoma (4.0); and the human prostate carcinoma LNCaP (1.2). CI-994 had the same spectrum of activity in vivo as dinaline. It also behaved similarly in schedule comparison/toxicity trials. Prolonged administration with lower drug doses was more effective than short-term therapy at higher individual doses. If doses were kept between 40 and 60 mg/kg/injection, prolonged administration (> 50 days) was tolerated with no gross toxicity. Doses > or = 90 mg/kg/injection caused lethality after 4-5 days of administration. The maximum tolerated total dose was also increased with smaller individual doses administered for prolonged intervals. Clinical Phase I trials are ongoing with this agent.

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C0621
CI−994, ≥98% (HPLC), powder
C15H15N3O2