Scandinavian journal of immunology

Antibody reactivity against thyroid peroxidase and myeloperoxidase in autoimmune thyroiditis and systemic vasculitis.

PMID 9246211


Potential cross-reactivity between thyroid peroxidase (TPO) and myeloperoxidase (MPO) molecules was evaluated by analysing the binding of 199 TPO antibody- and MPO antibody-positive sera to TPO and MPO molecules. Sera from six patients with autoimmune thyroiditis (AITD) and four patients with systemic vasculitis (SV) with different TPO-MPO antibody findings were then chosen for further analyses. All six patients with AITD had TPO antibodies in enzyme immunoassay (EIA) and four of them had simultaneously MPO antibodies in EIA. In AITD patients antibody binding to TPO could not be inhibited by adding native MPO to the serum diluent, suggesting that the possible cross-reactive epitopes were exposed in the denaturated MPO molecule. Similarly, the MPO ab reactivity of patients with systemic vasculitis could not be inhibited by native TPO. To study whether TPO and MPO antibodies recognize linear epitopes, the binding of antibodies to synthetic TPO and MPO peptides was analysed. Several TPO and MPO peptides were reactive, including peptides reacting with both TPO and MPO antibody-positive sera. One of the most cross-reactive peptides contained AA 586-601 in TPO, showing also particularly high AA homology (88%) with MPO (AA 594-609). The results suggest that TPO and MPO molecules contain cross-reactive epitopes that are exposed in denaturated molecules and may thus cause false positive antibody findings in solid phase EIA assays.