The Journal of biological chemistry

Rat intestinal brush border membrane peptidases. I. Solubilization, purification, and physicochemical properties of two different forms of the enzyme.

PMID 931983


Two brush border peptidases have been isolated from the particulate fraction of the rat intestinal mucosa and purified to homogeneity as judged by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, starch gel electrophoresis, isoelectric focusing, and double immunodiffusion. For convenience, the peptidases have been designated peptidase F (fast) and S (slow) on the basis of their anodic mobilities. The isoelectric point of peptidase F was 4.76 and of peptidase S, 5.10. Both enzymes are glycoproteins. The amino acid compositions of the two peptidases are similar. The same carbohydrates are found in both enzymes, but there are differences in the molar concentrations of individual sugars. Peptidase S has greater concentrations of mannose and galactose and of hexosamines than peptidase F, while sialic acid is slightly greater in peptidase F. Carbohydrate accounted for approximately 19% and 23% of the weight of peptidases F and S, respectively. Estimates of the molecular weights of both enzymes by gel filtration gave values of 280,000. Electrophoresis of the enzymes under denaturing conditions on sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gels indicated that each enzyme is a dimer consisting of two subunits of equal molecular weight, 140,000.