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Xenobiotica; the fate of foreign compounds in biological systems

Identification of the cytochrome P450 isoforms involved in the O-demethylation of 4-nitroanisole in human liver microsomes.


PMID 9364740

Abstract

1. 4-Nitroanisole is O-demethylated to 4-nitrophenol by human liver microsomes. Kinetic studies indicate that this metabolic route is mediated by two cytochrome P450 isoforms, one with a K(m) = 2.1 microM and the other with a K(m) = 220 microM. 2. Chemical inhibition and correlation studies in human liver microsomes indicate that the low K(m) enzyme is CYP2A6 and the high K(m) enzyme is CYP2E1 suggesting that44-nitroanisole is not a general cytochrome P450 substrate. 3. Studies using expressed recombinant cytochrome P450s indicated that all the cytochrome P450s investigated metabolized 4-nitroanisole but CYP2A6 and CYP2E1 produced the highest rates. Kinetic studies with these two isoforms produced a K(m) for CYP2A6 of 9 microM and 54 microM for CYP2E1. 4. The involvement of these two isoforms in the O-demethylation of 4-nitroanisole can be rationalized in terms of a hydrogen bond interaction with the nitro group and the active site of CYP2A6 and a hydrophobic interaction with the active site of CYP2E1.

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