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Biochimica et biophysica acta

Nitric oxide formation from hydroxylamine by myoglobin and hydrogen peroxide.


PMID 9367178

Abstract

Hydroxylamine (HA), which is a natural product of mammalian cells, has been shown to possess vasodilatory properties in several model systems. In this study, HA and methyl-substituted hydroxylamines, N-methylhydroxylamine (NMHA) and N,N-dimethylhydroxylamine (NDMHA), have been tested for their ability to generate free diffusible nitric oxide (NO) in the presence of myoglobin (Mb) and hydrogen peroxide. A NO-specific conversion of 2-(4-carboxyphenyl)-4,4,5,5-tetramethylimidazoline-1-oxyl-3-oxide (carboxy-PTIO) to 2-(4-carboxyphenyl)-4,4,5,5-tetramethylimidazoline-1-oxyl (carboxy-PTI), measured by electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy, along with nitrite and nitrate production, was observed for HA but not for NMHA and NDMHA. ESR measurements at 77 K showed the formation of the ferrous nitrosyl myoglobin, Mb-NO, in the reaction mixtures containing Mb, H2O2 and HA. Our data also demonstrate that Mb-NO is an end product of the reaction pathway involving Mb, H2O2 and HA, rather than a reaction intermediate in the formation of NO. In summary, our results demonstrate a possible pathway of NO formation from HA, however, the significance of this mechanism for bioactivation of HA in vivo is unknown at the present time.

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