Inflammation research : official journal of the European Histamine Research Society ... [et al.]

Dapsone hydroxylamine inhibits the LTB4-induced chemotaxis of polymorphonuclear leukocytes into human skin: results of a pilot study.

PMID 9372316


Dapsone (4,4'diaminodiphenylsulfone) is effective in treating leprosy, chronic inflammatory conditions and opportunistic infections in HIV patients. By the oral route, the sulfone is metabolized to monoacetyldapsone (MADDS) and dapsone hydroxylamine (DDS-NOH). We have addressed the question as to whether these dapsone metabolites have anti-inflammatory properties of their own in vivo. After two weeks topical pre-treatment with MADDS (1%), DDS-NOH (1%) and clobetasol proprionate (CP; 0.05%) dissolved in acetone, as a reference, 10 ng leukotriene B4 (LTB4) were applied on the upper arms of eight healthy volunteers. After 24 h, biopsies were taken and the polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) were quantified fluorometrically using elastase as marker enzyme. MADDS did not show any inhibitory activity on trafficking of PMN compared to the corresponding control and nontreated area (untreated: 790 +/- 450 PMN/10 micrograms skin; p > 0.05, acetone: 840 +/- 578 PMN/10 micrograms skin; MADDS: 1099 +/- 556 PMN/10 micrograms skin), whereas DDS-NOH caused a statistically significant inhibition of PMN accumulation as did the reference CP (DDS-NOH: 128 +/- 143 PMN/10 micrograms skin; CP: 86 +/- 131 PMN/10 micrograms skin, p < 0.01). These results indicate that DDS-NOH has anti-inflammatory potential which might contribute to the effectiveness of dapsone therapy.