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Insect biochemistry and molecular biology

The soluble alpha-mannosidases of Drosophila melanogaster.


PMID 9404011

Abstract

The alpha-mannosidases are implicated in both the catabolism of carbohydrates and the N-linked glycosylation pathway in insects, but little is known of the biochemistry of these glycosidases. In order to study the soluble alpha-mannosidases of Drosophila melanogaster we have used artificial fluorogenic substrates for detection of activity in situ following non-denaturing gel electrophoresis. This approach also permitted examination of the mannosidases present in different tissues and the sensitivity of the enzymes to known mannosidase inhibitors. Fluorogenic substrates were also used to determine the pH optima of partly purified mannosidases. We report that D. melanogaster contains several soluble alpha-mannosidase activities. Acidic mannosidases were detected in the gut, fat body and haemolymph of third-instar larvae. The major activity detected in larval guts was a neutral mannosidase presumed to be involved in digestion.

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M3657
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