Biochemical and molecular medicine

Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay of autoantibodies against mitochondrial glycerophosphate dehydrogenase in insulin-dependent and non-insulin-dependent diabetic subjects.

PMID 9441869


The mitochondrial enzyme FAD-linked glycerophosphate dehydrogenase (mGDH) plays a key role in the recognition of glucose as a stimulus for insulin release from the pancreatic islet B-cell. In the present study, an ELISA procedure was used for the measurement of mGDH antibodies in both insulin-dependent (IDDM) and non-insulin-dependent (NIDDM) diabetic patients. Positive readings, exceeding the upper limit of the normal range, were recorded in 7 out of 12 IDDM patients, as distinct (P < 0.01) from 2 out of 12 nondiabetic subjects of comparable age. The study conducted in 41 NIDDM patients and 15 control subjects of similar age indicated that the incidence of mGDH-positive cases was not significantly different in the diabetic (4/41) and control (1/15) groups, the measurement of optical density in the positive cases barely exceeding the upper limit of the normal range. These findings indicate that the mitochondrial enzyme mGDH often acts as an antigenic determinant in IDDM, but not in NIDDM, patients.