Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985)

Non-cAMP-mediated bronchial arterial vasodilation in response to inhaled beta-agonists.

PMID 9451638


We studied the dose-dependent effects of inhaled isoetharine HCl, a beta-adrenergic bronchodilator (2.5, 5.0, 10.0, and 20.0 mg), on bronchial blood flow (Qbr) in anesthetized sheep. Isoetharine resulted in a dose-dependent increase in Qbr. With a total dose of 17.5 mg, Qbr increased from baseline values of 22 +/- 3.4 (SE) to 60 +/- 16 ml/min (P < 0.001), an effect independent of changes in cardiac output and systemic arterial pressure. To further study whether synthesis of endogenous nitric oxide (NO) affects beta-agonist-induced increases in Qbr, we administered isoetharine (20 mg) by inhalation before and after the NO-synthase inhibitor N omega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME). Intravenous L-NAME (30 mg/kg) rapidly decreased Qbr by approximately 80% of baseline, whereas L-NAME via inhalation (10 mg/kg) resulted in a delayed and smaller (approximately 22%) decrease. Pretreatment with L-NAME via both routes of administration attenuated bronchial arterial vasodilation after subsequent challenge with isoetharine. We conclude that isoetharine via inhalation increases Qbr in a dose-dependent manner and that beta-agonist-induced relaxation of vascular smooth muscle in the bronchial vasculature is partially mediated via synthesis of NO.

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Isoetharine mesylate salt
C13H21NO3 · CH4O3S