Hypertension (Dallas, Tex. : 1979)

Cytochrome P-450 metabolites mediate norepinephrine-induced mitogenic signaling.

PMID 9453310


Norepinephrine (NE) stimulates release of arachidonic acid (AA) from tissue lipids in blood vessels, which is metabolized via cyclooxygenase, lipoxygenase (LO), and cytochrome P-450 (CYP-450) pathways to biologically active products. Moreover, NE and AA have been shown to stimulate proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) of rat aorta. The purpose of this study was to determine the possible contribution of AA and its metabolites to NE-induced mitogenesis in VSMCs of rat aorta and the underlying mechanism of their actions. NE (0.1 to 10 micromol/L) increased DNA synthesis as measured by [3H]thymidine incorporation in VSMCs, and this effect was attenuated by inhibitors of CYP-450 (17-octadecynoic acid, 5 micromol/L; 12-diabromododec-11-enoic acid, 10 micromol/L; and dibromo-dodecenyl-methylsulfimide, 10 micromol/L) and by the LO inhibitor (baicalein, 20 micromol/L), but not by the cyclooxygenase inhibitor (indomethacin, 5 micromol/L). CYP-450 and LO metabolites of AA, 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (HETE) (0.1 to 0.5 micromol/L) and 12(S)-HETE, respectively, increased [3H]thymidine incorporation in VSMCs. Both NE and 20-HETE increased mitogen activated protein (MAP) kinase activity as measured by the in-gel kinase assay. The inhibitor of MAP kinase kinase, PD-98059 (50 micromol/L), attenuated NE as well as 20-HETE induced [3H]thymidine incorporation and MAP kinase activation in VSMCs. These data suggest that products of AA formed via CYP-450, most likely 20-HETE, and via LO mediate NE induced mitogenesis in VSMCs.

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17-Octadecynoic acid, ≥95% (GC)