Mutation research

Base-pair mutation caused by four nitro-group containing aromatic amines in Salmonella typhimurium TA100, TA104, TA4001 and TA4006.

PMID 9465934


Among p-phenylenediamine, benzidine and the analogues we previously tested, only the nitro-group containing 2-nitro-p-phenylenediamine, 3-nitro-o-phenylenediamine, 4-nitro-o-phenylenediamine and 4,4'-dinitro-2-biphenylamine caused base-pair reversion in the histidine locus of Salmonella typhimurium TA100. In order to determine the types of mutations involved, such as transversion or transition, these four nitro-group containing compounds were tested with S. typhimurium strains TA100, TA104, TA4001 and TA4006. Dose-mutagenicity relationships occurred with TA100 and TA104. However, the majority of revertants from TA100 and TA104 were insensitive to inhibition by histidine analogue, DL-1,2,4-triazole-3-alanine. These results suggested that the occurrence of histidine revertants was predominantly induced by base-pair (point) mutations and not by suppressor gene mutations. The CG-TA transition and CG-AT transversion are the major types of mutation induced by all these compounds in TA100. The TA-AT transversion also contributed to the mutagenicity of 4-nitro-o-phenylenediamine and 4,4'-dinitro-2-biphenylamine in TA104. These nitro-group containing compounds showed no mutagenicity in TA4001, but induced CG-GC transversion in TA4006.

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