Interaction between G-actin and various types of liposomes: A 19F, 31P, and 2H nuclear magnetic resonance study.

PMID 9485468


We have investigated in the present study the interaction between G-actin and various types of liposomes, zwitterionic, positively charged, and negatively charged. To investigate at the molecular level the conformation of actin in the presence of lipids, we have selectively attached a fluorinated probe, 3-bromo-1,1,1-trifluoropropanone, to the actin cysteine residues 10, 285, and 374 and used high-resolution 19F nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy to investigate the probe resonances. The results indicate a change in the mobility of the 19F labels when G-actin is in the presence of positively charged liposomes made of DMPC and stearylamine and in the presence of DMPG, a negatively charged lipid. No conformational change was observed in the actin molecule in the presence of neutral liposomes. Electron micrographs of these systems reveal the formation of paracrystalline arrays of actin filaments at the surface of the positively charged liposomes, while no evidence of actin polymerization or paracrystallization was observed in the presence of DMPG. The interaction between actin and the lipid polar headgroup has also been investigated using solid-state phosphorus and deuterium NMR. The results indicate no evidence of interaction between actin and zwitterionic liposomes but show an interaction between the positively charged liposomes and a negative charge on the actin molecules. Interestingly, the negatively charged liposomes interact with a positive charge, which is most likely associated with the three residues (His-Arg-Lys) preceding the cysteine 374 residue in the protein.

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3-Bromo-1,1,1-trifluoroacetone, 98%