The American journal of physiology

Evidence for functional ANP receptors in cultured alveolar type II cells.

PMID 9486209


Because atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) is considered to play a role in lung physiology and pathology, our aim was to characterize natriuretic peptide receptors in cultured rat alveolar type II (ATII) cells. Guanylate cyclase A- and B-receptor but not clearance-receptor mRNAs were detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. The absence of clearance-receptor expression in ATII cells was confirmed by competitive inhibition of ANP binding; ANP (0.1-100 nM) decreased the binding of 125I-ANP, whereas C-ANP-(4-23), a specific ligand of clearance receptors, was ineffective. ANP induced a dose-dependent increase in guanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cGMP) production, with a threshold of 0.1 nM, whereas the response to C-type natriuretic peptide was weak and was observed only at high concentrations (100 nM). In ATII cells cultured on filters, 1) ANP receptors were present on both the apical and basolateral surfaces and 2) cGMP egression was polarized, as indicated by the greater ANP-induced cGMP accumulation in the basolateral medium, and was partially inhibited by probenecid, an organic acid transport inhibitor. Influx studies demonstrated that ANP decreased the amiloride-sensitive component of 22Na influx but did not change ouabain-sensitive 86Rb influx. In conclusion, ATII cells behave as a target for ANP. ANP activation of guanylate cyclase A receptors produces cGMP, which is preferentially extruded on the basolateral side of the cells and inhibits the amiloride-sensitive Na-channel activity.