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Shock (Augusta, Ga.)

Aminoethyl-isothiourea, a selective inhibitor of inducible nitric oxide synthase activity, improves liver circulation and oxygen metabolism in a porcine model of endotoxemia.


PMID 9488255

Abstract

The role of nitric oxide (NO) in hepatic oxygen transport is unclear. We investigated the effects of aminoethyl-isothiourea (AE-ITU), a selective inhibitor of iNOS activity, on liver blood flow and oxygen consumption (VO2H) in the pig. Endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide, LPS) was given intraportally (1.7 microg/kg/h), followed by AE-ITU (10 mg/kg) after 3 h (n = 7), LPS controls (n = 8) received LPS for 6 h. AE-ITU controls (n = 6) received saline/AE-ITU. LPS (treatment group) caused significant reductions at 3 h in cardiac output (CO) from 4.4 +/- .4 to 2.7 +/- .3 L/min, in hepatic artery flow (Q(HA)) from 266 +/- 53 to 127 +/- 19 mL/min, and in portal venous flow (Q(PV)) from 630 +/- 50 to 323 +/- 33 mL/min. Hepatic oxygen delivery (DO2H) was reduced from 93 +/- 11 to 38 +/- 5 mL/min (p < .05), while hepatic oxygen extraction ratio (ERO2H) increased, and VO2H was maintained. Similar changes were observed in LPS controls. AE-ITU caused no changes in saline controls. After injection of AE-ITU during LPS infusion, CO was unchanged, while Q(HA) increased gradually from 127 +/- 20 to 268 +/- 40 mL/min over 3 h (p < .05) and DO2H from 38 +/- 5 to 60 +/- 5 mL/in (p < .05). ERO2H increased from .54 +/- .04 to .69 +/- .03 in 30 min, while VO2H increased from 23 +/- 4 to 35 +/- 3 mL/in in 3 h (p < .05). Thus, AE-ITU restored hepatic arterial blood flow and increased hepatic oxygen consumption in pigs with endotoxemia.

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2-(2-Aminoethyl)isothiourea dihydrobromide, 99%
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