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Critical reviews in therapeutic drug carrier systems

Cyclodextrin derivatives in pharmaceutics.


PMID 9501966

Abstract

The current cyclodextrin (CD) literature is reviewed concerning synthesis, characterization, and pharmaceutical relevant applications of CD derivatives. Although natural CDs have been used extensively to improve pharmaceutical properties, the effects of chemically modified CDs on the solubility, dissolution rate, and stability of drugs are overproportional. Concerning the parenteral application, the major interest is focussed on highly water-soluble, randomly substituted hydroxyalkyl derivatives of beta- and gamma-CD such as 2-hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin (2-HP-beta-CD). Although the heptakis-(2,6-di-O-methyl)-beta-cyclodextrin is applied in the pharmaceutical field, 2-HP-beta-CD is predestined as a parenteral drug carrier owing to its weak hemolytic activity and intrinsically amorphous character. A minimal average degree of substitution is especially preferred when 2-HP-beta-CD is used as solubilizer of pharmaceuticals for the use in parenteral applications. The influence of the type, degree, and pattern of substitution of the CDs, as well as substituent effects of the guest molecule is elucidated.

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