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Biochemical and biophysical research communications

Biochemical evidence for oligomerization of rat adrenal acyl-coenzyme A:cholesterol acyltransferase.


PMID 9514926

Abstract

Acyl-coenzyme A:cholesterol acyltransferase (ACAT) in rat adrenal was compared with that in rat liver. Immunoblot analyses of the microsomal fractions from adrenal with an anti-human ACAT antibody detected a 45 kDa protein. Upon pretreatment of these microsomal fractions with chemical cross-linkers such as BS3 and Sulfo-EGS, the 45 kDa band decreased with a concomitant increase in high molecular weight proteins (55, approximately 100, and approximately 230 kDa), suggesting that ACAT constitutes oligomers of 45 kDa monomers associated with a 10 kDa protein. In sharp contrast, the same immunoblot analysis of rat liver microsomal fractions identified a 50 kDa protein which was not cross-linked by these cross-linkers. Moreover, when four ACAT inhibitors were tested for their effects on adrenal and liver enzymes, NTE-122, CI-976, and E5324 were more effective for the liver enzyme, whereas 58-035 was much more effective for adrenal ACAT. These biochemical and pharmacological observations support the notion that the rat liver ACAT protein is distinct from the adrenal counterpart.

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