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Anticancer research

Prospective studies of p53 and c-erbB-2 expression in relation to clinicopathological parameters of human ductal breast cancer in the second stage of clinical advancement.


PMID 9568187

Abstract

The association between p53 and c-erbB-2 overexpression relation to ER status in ductal breast carcinoma is still unclear. Our aim was investigate the prognostic importance of the overexpression of c-erbB-2, p-53 factor, and ER status in stage II of human ductal breast cancer. Th. expression of c-erbB-2 and p53 oncoproteins was evaluated by immunoperoxidase technique (PAP) in 62 cases of ductal breast carcinoma. The relationship between these cell growth regulatory factors was estimated and compared with the presence estrogen receptor (ER), tumor grading, tumor size, lymph node involvement, age patients and number of relapses up to the second year after surgery. c-erbB-2 overexpression was found in 44% and p53 in 45% of carcinomas. ER level was usually inversely proportional to the presence of studied molecular markers. Stratifying patients on the basis of c-erbB-2, p53 and ER status revealed that the combination c-erbB-2 and p53 overexpression accompanied by undetectable ER, identified the population of poorly differentiated tumors and patients with a high incidence of axillary lymph node metastases and shorter relapse time. On the other hand, undetectable values of molecular markers were associated with a low grade of tumors and a lack of lymph nodes involvement. Estimation of c-erbB-2, p53 and ER status seems to be a powerful tool to discriminate between different phenotypes of breast carcinoma. c-erbB-2 and p53 oncoproteins have been recognized as independent molecular markers of aggressive tumor behaviour.

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