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Biomedical peptides, proteins & nucleic acids : structure, synthesis & biological activity

Synthesis, purification and biological activity of (Ser10-phosphatidyl)-urodilatin (phosphourodilatin).


PMID 9575349

Abstract

Based on the global phosphorylation approach, a selective synthesis of (Ser10-phosphatidyl)-urodilatin (phosphourodilatin), which contains 32 amino acid residues and a disulfide loop is described. The peptide was assembled stepwise on a polyethyleneglycol-polystyrene support using Fmoc-chemistry. The phosphorylation was performed on-resin by phosphitylation with a large excess of di-tert-butyl-N,N-diethylphosphoramidite within 1 hour, followed by oxidation with tert-butylhydroperoxide to the protected phosphopeptide. After cleavage and deprotection the disulfide bridge was introduced without side reactions by iodine titration of the mono-acetamidomethyl protected crude peptide. During the synthetic pathway, the acylation with side chain-unprotected Fmoc-serine and the phosphitylation satisfactorily yielded the expected intermediates. In some phosphorylation experiments a by-product having a reduced mass corresponding to the H-phosphonate was observed. Illustrated with the synthesis of phosphourodilatin, this type of by-product, which could not be separated by HPLC, and the difficult amino acid sequence make the synthesis of a large phosphopeptide a more delicate task than the synthesis of short phosphopeptides, which do not contain oxidation-sensitive amino acids, difficult sequences or additional structural elements such as disulfide loops. The biological activity of phosphourodilatin was compared with non-phosphorylated urodilatin in two assay systems. Both peptides revealed a vasorelaxant effect on aortic smooth muscle strips and induced a cGMP-generation in RFL-6 cells with increasing dose dependency.

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