Applied biochemistry and biotechnology

Microbial photodegradation of aminoarenes. Metabolism of 2-amino-4-nitrophenol by Rhodobacter capsulatus.

PMID 9584054


The phototrophic bacterium Rhodobacter capsulatus photoreduces 2,4-dinitrophenol to 2-amino-4-nitrophenol, which is further metabolized by an aerobic pathway that is also light-dependent. The catabolism of 2-amino-4-nitrophenol requires O2 and the presence of alternative carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) sources, preferably acetate and ammonium. Rhodobacter capsulatus B10, a bacterium unable to assimilate nitrate, releases negligible amounts of nitrite when growing with 2-amino-4-nitrophenol, thus suggesting that an oxygenase, nitrite-producing activity is not involved in the metabolization of the compound. The diazotrophic growth of R. capsulatus increases in the presence of 2-amino-4-nitrophenol, but growth with ammonium is clearly inhibited by the compound. Mutant strains of R. capsulatus B10, which are affected in nifHDK, nifR1, or nifR4 genes, unable to fix dinitrogen, do not grow with 2-amino-4-nitrophenol as the sole N source. This indicates that the compound cannot be used as a N source. The nif mutants degrade 2-amino-4-nitrophenol to the same extent as the wild-type in the presence of ammonium. The compound is not used as a C source by the bacterium, either. Aromatic stable intermediates, such as 2,4-diaminophenol or 4-nitrocatechol, are not detectable in microaerobic cultures of R. capsulatus growing with 2,4-dinitrophenol or 2-amino-4-nitrophenol.

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2-Amino-4-nitrophenol, 96%