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Archives of biochemistry and biophysics

Changes in the hepatic mitochondrial respiratory system in the transition from weaning to adulthood in rats.


PMID 9587412

Abstract

In the present study we investigated the changes in the hepatic mitochondrial respiratory system in the transition from weaning to adulthood in the rat. We conceptually divided the system into blocks of reactions that produced or consumed mitochondrial membrane potential and then measured the kinetic responses of these blocks of reactions to changes in this potential in isolated liver mitochondria from 25- and 60-day-old rats using succinate as substrate. Moreover, we considered the mitochondrial membrane potential producers to be divided into blocks of reactions that reduced or oxidized ubiquinone-2 (Q-2) and then measured the kinetic responses of these two blocks to changes in Q-2 redox state as well as the flux control coefficients and the cytochrome content. We found that adult rats exhibited significantly higher state 3 respiratory rates with increased kinetic response of the substrate oxidation pathway to the mitochondrial membrane potential, slightly decreased activity of the phosphorylating system, increased kinetic responses of both Q-2 reducers and oxidizers to Q-2 redox state, and increased cytochrome content. Our results indicate that important changes in the hepatic mitochondrial respiratory system occur in the transition from weaning to adulthood in rats.

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