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The Southeast Asian journal of tropical medicine and public health

Specific binding of Burkholderia pseudomallei cells and their cell-surface acid phosphatase to gangliotetraosylceramide (asialo GM1) and gangliotriaosylceramide (asialo GM2).


PMID 9656402

Abstract

Specific binding between bacterial cells and host tissue is an early step of the pathogenesis of infection. Burkholderia pseudomallei cells, the causative micro-organisms of melioidosis, were demonstrated to bind specifically to tissue glycolipids (asialo GM1 and asialo GM2) by solid phase binding assay on thin layer chromatograms. The detection limit was around 400 pmol of the glycolipids. Acid phosphatase purified from the culture filtrate of B. pseudomallei was tested for such binding properties, and the same results were obtained. According to our previous studies, the enzyme is a glycoprotein located on the cell surface, and hydrolysed tyrosine phosphate most actively among the substrates so far tested. The mode of binding between the enzyme and the glycolipids was analyzed by comparison of binding levels among three samples different in protein content, sugar content and specific phosphatase activities per protein and sugar residue. The results suggested the possibility of a receptor-ligand relationship between the bacterial enzyme and the host-cell glycolipids (asialo GM).

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G9398 Asialoganglioside-GM2 from bovine brain, ~95%, lyophilized powder