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Journal of biochemical and molecular toxicology

Differential induction of cytochrome P450 gene expression by 4n-alkyl-methylenedioxybenzenes in primary rat hepatocyte cultures.


PMID 9664231

Abstract

A well-characterized primary rat hepatocyte culture system was used to examine induction patterns of cytochrome 450 gene expression by a series of 4-n-alkyl-methylenedioxybenzene (MDBs) derivatives. Hepatocytes were treated for 24, 48, or 72 hours with 0-500 microM of the MDB compounds, and total cellular RNA and protein from each treatment was evaluated by hybridization and immunochemical techniques. Exposure to MDB congeners possessing increasing 4-n-alkyl side-chain length (C0-C8) resulted in dose- and structure-dependent activation of CYP2B1, 2B2, 3A1, 1A1, and 1A2 gene expression. At equivalent 100 microM concentrations, the C6 and C8 MDB congeners were more effective than the prototypical inducer phenobarbital (PB) with respect to induction potency of CYP2B1, CYP2B2, and CYP3A1 gene expression. In contrast to PB, longer side-chain-substituted MDBs effectively induced CYP1A1 and CYP1A2 gene expression, in addition to the CYP2B and CYP3A genes. At equivalent molar concentrations, the catechol derivative of C6-MDB was ineffective in its ability to induce CYP gene expression, indicating the importance of the intact methylenedioxy bridge in the induction mechanism. Levels of MDB-inducible CYP2B1 and CYP2B2 mRNA were highly correlated with CYP2B1/2 apoprotein levels, ascertained by immunoblot analysis of cultured hepatocyte S9 fractions. Compared with results from previous in vivo analysis (12), the current data indicate that pharmacodynamic factors may influence MDB induction profiles and that differences in MDB effects on CYP gene expression result depending on distinct structure-activity relationships.

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