Journal of neurotrauma

Neuroprotective effect of eliprodil: attenuation of a conditioned freezing deficit induced by traumatic injury of the right parietal cortex in the rat.

PMID 9674557


We have previously demonstrated that a lateral fluid percussion-induced traumatic lesion of the right parietal cortex can lead to a deficit in a conditioned freezing response and that this deficit can be attenuated by both pre- and postlesion administration of the NMDA receptor antagonist dizocilpine. In the present study, we investigated the effects of eliprodil, a noncompetitive NMDA receptor antagonist acting at the polyamine modulatory site, which also acts as a Ca2+ channel blocker, on the trauma-induced conditioned freezing deficit. Eliprodil produced a 50% reduction in this deficit when administered as three 1 mg/kg injections i.v. at 15 min, 6 h, and 24 h following the lesion. Approximately the same degree of protection was afforded when 2 x 1.5 mg/kg were administered 6 and 24 h and equally at 12 and 24 h after surgery (56% and 59%, respectively). A single treatment (3 mg/kg) at 24 h was ineffective against the deficit. The protection afforded with treatment at 6 and 24 h after lesion was dose dependent, with a minimal active dose of 2 x 0.75 mg/kg. These data complement those previously published on the ability of eliprodil to reduce lesion volume following traumatic brain injury and show, in addition, that the neuroprotective effect has functional consequences.

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Eliprodil, ≥98% (HPLC), powder