The Journal of biological chemistry

Cholesteryl hydroperoxyoctadecadienoate from oxidized low density lipoprotein inactivates platelet-derived growth factor.

PMID 9677358


Both oxidized low density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) have been implicated in the genesis of various inflammatory responses, including atherosclerosis. We demonstrate here a novel interaction between specific oxidized lipids derived from ox-LDL and PDGF. The lipid moieties of ox-LDL caused concentration-dependent inactivation of PDGF as measured by loss of its mitogenic activity and its binding to high affinity receptors. Reverse-phase and normal-phase HPLC were used to purify the inactivating component in the lipid mixture. By fast atom bombardment mass spectrometry and infrared spectroscopy, we identified the inactivating lipids as the 9- and 13-hydroperoxy derivatives of cholesteryl linoleate, cholesteryl hydroperoxyoctadecadienoate. When a series of cholesteryl esters were subjected to oxidizing conditions, only those containing two or more double bonds caused inactivation of PDGF; the extent of inactivation increased with increased levels of oxidation. Exposing PDGF to cumene hydroperoxide, t-butyl hydroperoxide, or hydrogen peroxide did not affect the activity of the mitogen. The oxidized lipid had no effect on the mitogenic activity of epidermal growth factor but did abolish the mitogenic activity of basic fibroblast growth factor and the antiproliferative activity of transforming growth factor beta1. The inactivation of PDGF and other cytokines by lipid hydroperoxides may occur in such processes as vascular disease, inflammation, and wound healing.

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Cholesteryl arachidonate, ≥95% (HPLC; detection at 205 nm), viscous liquid