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Molecular genetics and metabolism

Semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase activity in the human heart.


PMID 9682221

Abstract

A semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase with affinity for benzylamine (Bz.SSAO) was found in the human heart. This enzymatic activity has a K(m) of 278 +/- 35.3 microM and a V(m) of 114.7 +/- 14.7 nmol mg-1 min-1 (mean +/- SE of eight hearts) for benzylamine and is strongly inhibited by 1 mM histamine and by B24, a specific inhibitor of Bz.SSAO. No diamine oxidase activity was found in the human heart. The levels of MAo and B were assayed: MAO A showed a K(m) of 137.1 +/- 16.2 microM and a V(m) of 10.4 +/- 2.5 nmol mg-1 min-1 for serotonin; MAo B had a K(m) of 9.9 +/- 1.6 microM and V(m) of 4.3 +/- 1.1 nmol mg-1 min-1 for beta-phenylethylamine (mean +/- SE of seven hearts). The human heart has high MAO B activity and Bz.SSAO with histaminase activity.

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