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Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry

Preparation and characterization of 8a-(phosphatidylcholine-dioxy)-alpha-tocopherones and their formation during the peroxidation of phosphatidylcholine in liposomes.


PMID 9720211

Abstract

alpha-Tocopherol was reacted with the phosphatidylcholines (PCs), 1-palmitoyl-2-linoleoyl-3-sn-PC (PLPC), 1-palmitoyl-2-linolenoyl-3-sn-PC, 1-palmitoyl-2-arachidonoyl-3-sn-PC (PAPC) and 1-stearoyl-2-arachidonoyl-3-sn-PC, in the presence of the free radical initiator, 2,2'-azobis (2,4-dimethylvaleronitrile), at 37 degrees C. The addition products of alpha-tocopherol with the PC peroxyl radicals were isolated and identified as 8a-(PC-dioxy)-alpha-tocopherones, in which the peroxyl radicals derived from each PC molecule attacked the 8a-position of the alpha-tocopheroxyl radical. The antioxidative efficiency of alpha-tocopherol against the peroxidation of PLPC and PAPC in liposomes was assessed by the formation of the reaction products of alpha-tocopherol. When alpha-tocopherol was oxidized in the presence of the water-soluble free radical initiator, 2,2'-azobis (2-amidinopropane) dihydrochloride, epoxy-alpha-tocopherylquinones were mainly produced together with 8a-(PC-dioxy)-alpha-tocopherones and alpha-tocopherylquinone. The yield of alpha-tocopherylquinone was increased by treating each sample with dilute acid which indicates the presence of tocopherone precursors other than the 8a-(PC-dioxy)-alpha-tocopherones. The same products were also detected from iron-dependent peroxidation, although the yields were very low.

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