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Physiological research

Effects of drugs acting on adrenergic and adenosine receptors on the intraocular pressure and the activity of adenylyl cyclase in ciliary processes and their sensitivity to pertussis toxin.


PMID 9728508

Abstract

The effects of the selective alpha2-adrenergic agonist p-aminoclonidine, the nonselective adrenergic agonist epinephrine, the selective beta2-adrenergic agonist fenoterol and the adenosine A1 agonist R-PIA on intraocular pressure were studied in control and pertussis toxin-pretreated rabbits. Pretreatment of rabbits with pertussis toxin decreased the ocular hypotensive effects of p-aminoclonidine and epinephrine, did not influence the same effects of fenoterol or R-PIA and markedly potentiated the initial ocular hypertensive effects of epinephrine and R-PIA. As far as the action on adenylyl cyclase in ciliary processes is concerned, isoproterenol stimulated its activity in control rabbits and epinephrine exerted dual, i.e. stimulatory and inhibitory effects on the activity of this enzyme. The data obtained with epinephrine and p-aminoclonidine confirm the view that their ocular hypotensive effects are associated with their inhibitory action on adenylyl cyclase and contradict the opinion that the hypotensive action of adrenergic drugs depends on adenylyl cyclase activation.

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A0779
p-Aminoclonidine hydrochloride, solid
C9H10Cl2N4 · xHCl