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Clinical immunology and immunopathology

Abnormal early TCR/CD3-mediated signaling events of a snRNP-autoreactive lupus T cell clone.


PMID 9743618

Abstract

Multiple immunoregulatory abnormalities characterize systemic lupus erythematosus. Abnormalities of the antigen receptor-mediated early signal transduction biochemical events underscore the diverse cellular aberrations. Fresh peripheral T and B cells and T cell lines from patients with systemic lupus erythematosus display increased Ca2+ responses that are preceded by enhanced antigen receptor-initiated cytosolic protein tyrosine phosphorylation. To further dissect the aberrant signaling events of lupus T cells we studied the early anti-CD3 mAb-induced signaling events in autoantigen-specific T cells from lupus patients. We report herein that a lupus snRNP-specific T cell clone, but not other T cells, displays increased Ca2+ fluxes and enhanced production of tyrosine-phosphorylated proteins following TCR/CD3 stimulation.