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Oncogene

Transcriptional and translational downregulation of H-REV107, a class II tumour suppressor gene located on human chromosome 11q11-12.


PMID 9771974

Abstract

The H-rev107 tumour suppressor was isolated as a gene specifically expressed in rat fibroblasts resistant toward malignant transformation by the activated HRAS gene (Sers et al., 1997; Hajnal et al., 1994). Here we describe the human homologue of the rat H-rev107 gene. The predicted rat and human proteins are highly conserved exhibiting an overall amino acid identity of 83%. The H-REV107-1 gene is ubiquitously expressed with the exception of haematopoetic cells and tissues. In contrast, H-REV107-1 mRNA was found only in eight of 27 cell lines derived from mammary carcinoma, lung carcinoma, gastric carcinoma, kidney carcinoma, melanoma, neuroblastoma and other tumours. The H-REV107-1 protein was not detectable in any of these tumour cells. Loss of H-REV107-1 expression was not restricted to cultured human tumour cell lines, but also found in primary squamous cell carcinomas. Gross structural aberrations of the H-REV107-1 gene were absent in tumorigenic cell lines. Thus, the block to H-REV107-1 expression is achieved both at the level of transcription and translation. By fluorescence in situ hybridisation the human H-REV107-1 gene was localised to chromosome 11q11-12.